Design features and selection criteria for an electric stacker

An electric stacker is a type of warehouse equipment designed to move and store goods on pallets. Electric stackers allow you to lift and lower loads to different heights, as well as move them around the warehouse. This technique is an effective and safe tool for working with heavy and bulky goods.

What is an electric stacker and what is it for?

An electric stacker is a device that consists of an electric motor, a battery, a hydraulic system, a steering wheel and a fork mechanism. The electric motor drives the electric stacker through the warehouse, while the hydraulic system allows the forks to be raised and lowered with the load. The steering wheel is used to control the direction of movement, and the fork mechanism is used to grab and hold the load on pallets

Electric stackers are needed in order to facilitate and speed up the process of warehousing goods on pallets. They allow you to use the vertical space of the warehouse, increasing its capacity. Electric stackers also reduce the physical burden on warehouse workers, increasing their productivity and work safety.

History of creation

The first electric stackers appeared at the beginning of the 20th century in the USA. They were developed by the Clark Material Handling Company, which specialized in the manufacture of forklifts. They were simple devices that lifted a load to a height of no more than 2 meters. Worked from a hand pump or compressed air cylinders.

With the development of technology, electric stackers have become more powerful and functional. Electric motors, batteries, hydraulic systems, adjustable forks and other elements appeared. This made it possible to lift goods to a height of up to 10 meters and move them around the warehouse at high speed. Modern technology is also equipped with various sensors, indicators and security systems.

Types of electric stackers

There are several types of electric stackers, which differ in design and characteristics.

Self-propelled stackers with electro-hydraulic drive

These are the most common and versatile stackers that are suitable for working with various types of pallets. They have an electric motor that provides lifting and lowering of the forks, as well as independent movement of the stacker. Management is carried out by means of the handle on the case.

Electric driven stackers

These stackers are not self-propelled. To move them, the operator must push. They are electrically powered only for raising and lowering the forks.

Self-propelled electric stackers with a step for the operator

These are stackers that are self-propelled and have an electro-hydraulic drive for lifting and lowering the forks. They differ from the previous types in that they have a special step for the operator, on which he can stand while the equipment is moving. This allows you to increase the speed and convenience of work. The stacker is controlled by the steering wheel.

Electric stackers with cab

Equipped with an enclosed cabin for the operator, in which he can sit while moving loads. This provides additional protection and increases working comfort. Management is carried out using the steering wheel and pedals.

Narrow Aisle Stackers

Such devices are specially designed to work in narrow aisles between racks. They differ from other types in that they have a swivel mast mechanism that allows you to change the direction of movement of the forks without turning the entire stacker.

Reach trucks

They are a type of narrow aisle stackers. They have a retractable mast mechanism that allows the forks to be extended beyond the wheelbase. Thanks to this, you can work with deep racks.

Criterias of choice

When choosing an electric stacker, consider the following factors:

  1. Lifting capacity and lifting height. The choice of these parameters depends on the weight and dimensions of the goods to be handled. It is necessary to choose a stacker with a margin in terms of carrying capacity in order to avoid overloading and equipment breakdown.
  2. Pallet type. This affects the design of the stacker forks. There are different types of pallets such as Euro pallets, Finnish pallets, American pallets, etc. You need to choose a stacker that is compatible with the type of pallets used in the warehouse.
  3. Dimensions and configuration of the warehouse. The choice of the type of drive and the maneuverability of the stacker will depend on this. If the warehouse has narrow aisles, narrow aisle stackers or reach trucks should be selected. If the warehouse has a large area, then it is better to choose self-propelled stackers with a footboard or a cab for the operator.

An electric stacker is a modern and efficient warehouse equipment that allows you to lift and move palletized goods to various heights. Electric stackers have different designs and characteristics that must be considered when choosing. When choosing equipment, it is necessary to contact trusted manufacturers and suppliers who provide a guarantee and service.